Gothic architecture is one of the most interesting ones in the history. “Originating in 12th century France and lasting into the 16th century, Gothic architecture was known during the period as “the French Style,” (Opus Francigenum), with the term Gothic first appearing during the latter part of the Renaissance. Its characteristic features include the pointed arch, the ribbed vault and the flying buttress.” More info here.
During this period were build many churches, some being today greatest attractions in different cities around the world. Let’s see a top 10 Gothic churches.
10. Nidaros Cathedral, Trondheim, Scandinavia
This Cathedral hosts the relics of St. Olav, a Norwegian king and a national hero. Thus is became an important pilgrimage destination. Moreover, this church is the most important in Norway and the largest medieval building in Scandinavia.
9. Westminster Abbey, London, England
Well this is an interesting one. It’s not a cathedral nor a parish church. So what is it then? Well, i’s a Gothic monastery church that is the traditional place of coronation and burial for English monarchs. Westminster Abbey in London is a place of worship owned by the royal family.
8. Regensburg Cathedral, Bavaria
Regensburg Cathedral (Dom St. Peter) is the most beautiful Gothic building in Bavaria. “The Regensburg Cathedral is the bishop’s church and the principal church of the Regensburg diocese. It is also the home of the Regensburger Domspatzen (“cathedral sparrows”), a choir rich in tradition. The structure is considered the most significant Gothic work in southern Germany.” (source)
photo source: Omnidom 999
7. León Cathedral, Spain
Built in the 13th century over the ruins of ancient Roman baths, León Cathedral (Catedral de Santa María de Regla de León) is located in the north of Spain and it is considered one of the most finest Gothic building in this country.
6. Rouen Cathedral, France
Rouen is famous for it’s many churches and edifices. Rouen Cathedral is one of the most visited church and also the seat of the Archbishop of Rouen and Normandy. The cathedral facade was immortalized by Claude Monet in his paintings.
5. Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris, France
A famous name due to a novel and a story known in the entire world. However, Notre Dame is maybe the most famous monument in Paris. Not to miss.
4. Cologne Cathedral, Germany
According to Wikipedia, “Cologne Cathedral (German: Kölner Dom, officially Hohe Domkirche St. Peter und Maria, English: High Cathedral of Sts. Peter and Mary) one of the best-known architectural monuments in Germany, and Cologne’s most famous landmark, described by UNESCO as an “exceptional work of human creative genius”. It is Germany’s most visited landmark, attracting an average of 20,000 people a day.”
3. Reims Cathedral, France
Built in the 13th century, Reims Cathedral is the place where the kings of France were once crowned. Famous all over the world, this cathedral attracts many tourists each year.
2. Stephansdom, Vienna, Austria
One of the symbols of Austria’s capital, Stephansdom (St. Stephen’s Cathedral) survived many tough years (pestilences, wars and so on). An imposing church, a must see in a trip to Vienna.
1. Milan Duomo, Italy
Build in over 100 years, this church is a mix of styles. It is also a emblematic monument for Milano, Italy.